Chatham County, North Carolina
American History and Genealogy Project

*Chatham County, North Carolina is situated in the central part of the state, and contains 858 square miles. It is watered by Haw and Deep Rivers, which unite in its south part to form Cape Fear River. The soil is clayey and fertile, producing corn, wheat, oats, cotton, and tobacco. The surface is rolling.
Capital, Pittboro'.
There were in 1840, neat cattle 13,800, sheep 14,759, swine 37,356; wheat 94,342 bushels produced, rye 1,308, Indian corn 446,708, oats 93,368, potatoes 38,014, silk cocoons 149 pounds, tobacco 536,886, cotton 399,728; 19 stores, capital $53,000; 1 furnace, 1 cotton factory 1,050 spindles, 9 tanneries, 70 distilleries, 2 potteries, 12 flouring mills, 67 grist mills, 40 saw mills. Capital in manufactures $115,632.
6 academies with 128 students, 11 schools with 237 scholars.
Population 1830, 15,499; 1840, whites 10,609, slaves 5,316, free colored 317; total, 16,242.

*Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843

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